Mumps is a disease that gives children fevers and big, comical hamster-faces. In adults, it can cause sterility. How does a childhood disease render someone infertile?
Mumps is an infection of the salivary glands caused by the mumps virus Pic. The most common gland affected is the parotid gland which causes swelling Pic. Mumps is highly contagious and spreads rapidly among people living in close quarters.
Orchitis or-KIE-tis is an inflammation of one or both testicles. Bacterial or viral infections can cause orchitis, or the cause can be unknown. Orchitis is most often the result of a bacterial infection, such as a sexually transmitted infection STI.
Although the incidence of mumps orchitis has dramatically declined since the introduction of the childhood vaccination programme, a sharp increase in reported cases of both mumps and mumps orchitis has been seen recently in the UK. There are great concerns about mumps outbreaks and the associated risk of infertility; it remains an important clinical condition. Immunization is the best policy to avoid this viral disease.
Most childhood diseases run their course, ending without significant long-term effects. However, this is not always the case with mumps, a common viral infection that affects the salivary glands in the jaw and upper neck. When mumps develops in a boy after puberty or an adult man, it sometimes causes testicular inflammation that can affect sperm production and lead to fertility problems.
Mumps is a relatively mild short-term viral infection of the salivary glands that usually occurs during childhood. We report a case of an year-old male patient with mumps associated epididymo-orchitis on the left side. The diagnosis was confirmed clinically and serologically by IgG and IgM titers.
Problems with either of these may mean you have infertility. Below are some of the main causes of male infertility. Problems with making healthy sperm are the most common causes of male infertility.
Urologists at a leading Irish hospital have reported an alarming increase in the number of teenage boys and young men developing mumps orchitis, in a paper published in the April issue of the urology journal BJUI. They are urging colleagues to offer the MMR vaccine to unvaccinated males in the age group and educate them about the condition, which causes one or both testicles to swell and can lead to fertility problems. Mr Niall Davis, a Urology Research Registrar, teamed up with colleagues at the Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, to carry out an extensive review of five decades' worth of research and statistics.
Back to Mumps. There are several problems that often occur with mumps. Pain and swelling of the testicle orchitis affects 1 in 4 males who get mumps after puberty.
It is caused by the mumps virus and typically affects children and teenagers, although it may also cause infections in sensitive adults. This inflammation of the testicle is also known as mumps orchitis. It is not very frequent, affecting 1 per million inhabitants per year among the general population.